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5 Nov 2015

EIC Analysis of Official Development Assistance from selected European countries

EIC has comprised an analysis of the development policies of the European countries represented in the EIC network (including UK).

On the basis of the latest available OECD data on Official Development Assistance (ODA) for the year 2013, the majority of EIC Member countries distributed more than 50% of their ODA bilaterally. Only Austria, Italy and Spain allocated more than 50 % of their ODA to multilateral organisations.

The EIC analysis on ODA, intended to support Member Federations with their lobbying activities on a national level, shows that most countries are far from reaching the international agreement to raise their ODA to 0.7% of donors´ national income. Only Denmark, Sweden and the UK have achieved this goal so far – with Sweden leading the way by spending slightly more than 1% of its Gross National Income on ODA.

According to the underlying OECD statistics ODA for infrastructure comprises four sectors, i.e. “water supply and sanitation”, “transport and communications”, “energy” and “others” - the latter comprising aid commitments for trade-related infrastructure that cannot be classified in one of the first three categories due to their multi-sectoral investment profile. This also includes investments in storage facilities.

The analysis shows that most European countries invest less than one fifth of their bilateral ODA in infrastructure projects with the two major donors France and Germany being the exceptions. France spent 26 % and Germany spent 38 % of national ODA on infrastructure in 2013. However, whilst France spends the bulk of its infrastructure-related ODA on projects in the transport sector, in particular in Africa, Germany favours the energy sector, in particular renewable energy.

The EIC analysis is based on data from OECD sources and will be comprised and published on an annual basis as of 2015.